,

,

 

. , , , .

-, .

, ! , ,

, . , , ,

, , . , ? !..

20 22 8- , . , , ? !..

( )

open tourney, .

open tourney, 12 : , , , , . 3 . 5 . ,

open tourney

,

, (1), .

1. .
2 , л, 1952

#2

1.Nf3!

, , .

2 .

2. .
2
Sachsische Zeitung, 2007

#3

1.Nd6! 2.Bd5! 3.Ne4#.

, :

1...bc 2.Bd3!; 1...dc 2.Bf3!; 1...Qxc6 2.Nxb7+!; 1...Qc7 2.bc . , 1...Qc7 .

, .

. open tourney , FIDE.

, , ! , .

. 72 open tourney 20 720 . open tourney. , ,

3. .
2 xa
. 60, 1999

1.b7 g2 2.Be3 Ra3! caca 2...Rb4 3.Bd3+ Ke1 4.Ba6 d5 ( 4...d6 5.Kc2; 4...Re4 5.b8Q Rxe3 6.Qb4+ Kf2 7.Qd2+) 5.Kc2 d4 (5...Re4 6.b8Q Rxe3 7.Qb4+ Kf2 8.Qd2+ Kf3 9.Qxd5+ Kg3 10.Qg5+ Kf2 11.Kd2 g1Q 12.Qxe3+ Kg2 13.Bb7+ Kh2 14.Qh6+ Kg3 15.Qg5+) 6.Bd2+ Kf2 7.Bxb4, a.

3.Bb6! (3.b8Q? Rxe3, ) 3...g1Q! 4.Bxg1 Rb3.

a x a, a a, a a?! ! xa x : 5.Bc5! Rxb7 6.Bd3+ Ke1 7.Bd6! Kf2 8.Bc4!! aa.

ca 8.Kc2? -a 8...Kf3! .. a a 8.Ba6? Rb3!, cac.

8...Ke3 9.Ba6! Rb3 10.Kc2! a! accc a...

ac aa ccc aca!

open tourney () () . !

4. ..
1
, 1993
( 2010)

X x.

a a, acc a a ca.

1...b2+! ca 1...Rd1+, ac -x b3 cxa xa a2.

1...b2+! 2.Kb1 Rd1+! 3.Kxb2 Rd8 4.f3+!! (aca a cac ) 4...Kxa5.

c5 c a a: 4...Kb5 5.Bc5! Kxc5 6.Nb7+ 4...Kc7 5.Bc5 Rb8+ 6.Nb7! c ac.

5.Bc5 Nhg7 6.f8Q Rxf8 7.Bxf8 Ne6! (a x a c) 8.Ba3 Ka4! 9.f4! a a! caac a xa 4.f3!! c 4.f4?! c a aa cac aa .

9...Nxf4 10.Bf8! (a c 10.Bc5? Nd3+) 10...Ne6 11.Ba3, a .

aa a a a c ca ac a. c aac c ca a 5 ac ac. ac ax a.

5. P.Tritten
Best Problems, 2008

h#3

4

1.Kf4 e7 2.Re4 e8N 3.Ke5 Bc7#,

1.Rxe6 Nd3 2.Rd5 Bd2 3.Ree5 Nf2#,

1.Nxe6 Bb6 2.Nf4 Bg4 3.Rgf5 Bf3#,

1.Ne2 Bb7+ 2.Kd4 Bd5 3.Nc3 Bb6#.

x cx x aac aaa 6. ac x!

6. A. Cc
1
.a, 1990

#4

a a g8: 1.Re8!! c 2.Re2+ Kf3 3.Nxd4+ a a c x.

aaa, a acc : 1...Bd3 2.Bxf5+! Kxf5 3.Ng6+ Ke4 4.Rxe5#; 1...Bb2 2.d3+! Bxd3 3.Nd2+ Ke3 4.Ng2#; 1...Nd5 2.Rxe5+! Kxe5 3.Ng6+ Ke4 4.Bxf5#; 1...d3 2.Bb7+ N(R)d5 3.Nxd5 ..

aa a a a, c aca x aaa c x, c ca a.

aaa 7 ac ac. A Ca Aca Ac, cca acx aa a a a, c aaa a aa a

7. A. Cuppini
1-2
Albino, 2006

S#5

ac c x 1.Rb6!! aca 2.Qf7+ Kc5 3.Ne6+ Kd5 4.Ng5+ Kc5 5.Ne4+, aa.

a a c , c c !

1Kc5 2.Ne6+ Kd5 3.Nxf4+ Kc5 4.Ne6+ Kd5 5.Rxf5+ 3Qxf4 4.Qf7+ Kc5 5.Qc4+ , 1Nc3 2.Qd7+ Kc5 3.Bd6+ Kd5 4.Bxf4+ Kc5 5.Bxe3+, 1Qf2(f1,g3) 2.Qa8+ Kc5 3.Nb7+ Kd5 4.Na5+ Kc5 5.Nxb3+.

c x ac a a c c cc . c aa, cx cac c aa open tourney ccc a axax a , aa 44,5 aa 60 x. c a a a a ccca a (42 aa). a (40,5 a) aa a ac ac Aca aa.

c, aa a a ccca axax . a a open tourney!

10 ac c ccc a aa. a, c cca a ca a , aa A a c c c aaa

a aa. a a a a cc aa a aac (a ca)

ac c c cc axa a ac

c cx a c aa x a a c aa ca, aa c aa c ac

aa cca x . a 20 xx. a, c a, a 60 aac c aa x aa a a xa. c a, a 100 ...

9 c aaa xx a, a cc c xa ca c c . c a a! , x aaax xa a c , a a, 5 a aca a 15

A aac caa aaa 8! a c a a a ccc c aa a a a

8. H.Ahues
1
MT J.Reiners, 1989-1990

#2

cx c (c a, , c aax !) a 1.Nb6! c a a a xa 2.Ne6# 2.Ra5#.

a c, aa a a x cc: 1Bxb6+ 2.Qxb6#; 1Bxd7 2.Nxd7#; 1Qd2 2.Nxb3#; 1Nxd4 2.Qxd4#.

Terho Mario ax.
, a xx a caac aaa

X a cx a xxa 9 a . a , a a ac ac!

9. O.Sahlberg

German Chess Federation, 1885

(a a)

#3

, c x 1.Rc8!! a c a a.

, a!

1Kxd4 2.Qg5! ~ 3.Qe5# 2Bd5(e4) 3.Be5#!, a a c8 xaa c5.

1B~ 2.Bf4+! Kxd4 3.Qf6#, 2Kxf4 3.Qg5#.

1Nc3 2.Bf4+! Kxd4 3.Qf2#, 2Kxf4 3.Qg5#.

1Nf2 2.Qg5+ Kxd4 3.Qe5#

1bxa1~ 2.Qe1+! dxe1~ 3.Nf5#! c a a a2; 2Kxd4 3.Qe5#.

1g3 2.Bxg3 ~ 3.Qf4#; 2Be4 3.Qxe4#.

c 1f2 c a aa: 2.Qg3+(g5,e7) .. a a x, , ac aa. ca c a ca !

aa a ca, open tourney, a , . a aaa ac!

a c a 10 a c a (, caa c a).

10. P.Perkonoja
axa CCCл, 1965
(ca J.Polasek, 2012)

caca a ca a : 1.Bf8? Rd5 2.Rg6 Bf4 3.Rxc6 h3 4.Rc3 Bg5 5.Be7 Re5 6.Rxh3 Rxe7+ 7.Kd8 Re3+, aac.

a 1.Rf5? Bd8 2.Be7 Bxe7 3.Kxe7 Kxg7, a 1.Rg6? h3 2.Bf8 Bf4 3.Rg4 h2 4.Rh4 Rd8+ 5.Kxd8 Bg5+, a.

a 1.Rh5! Rd8+! 2.Ke7 Rd5! 3.Rh6! a c 3.Rh8+? Kxg7 4.Bc3+ Kg6 5.Rc8 (5.Ke6 Rd6+ 6.Ke7 Rd3) 5...Bd8+ ..

3...Bd8+ (3...Kxg7 4.Rxc6 Be5 5.Ke6 Rb5, ) 4.Ke6! Kxg7. a x 4...Bg5!? 5.Rh5 Kxg7 6.Be1! Kg6 7.Rh8 Rd4 8.Bxh4 Bxh4 9.Rc8 Rc4 10.Kd6 Bg3+ 11.Kd7 c5 12.Rg8+, c a a .

a , ca x a ac, x .

a! 5.Bf8+!! Kxf8 6.Rxh4! Bc7! (6...Bxh4, a) 7.Rh8+ Kg7 8.Rc8 Rd6+ 9.Ke5! (9.Ke7? Rf6!) 9...Rd7+ 10.Ke6 Rf7 11.Rg8+! Kxg8, a c a a.

c aa ac a cx ax ccc: c- a (43 aa), c a (39,75); c- a c c (39,5) c a ac ϸ (37,5). c a aa Aaaa ca caa (37 a)

ac c a a a a a .
Marsel van Herk cc c !

Aa c (cc) cc a a

A Ca ( ). c ac ccc a

aa a aa a a a. a x 50 . c c ca cc, aa a a a c c x a. 5,5 a 15 x aaaa . a aa 8,25 a ac . c ac a c c 5,75 a. a c a a aca ϸa, aa a aax 7,5 a. ca caa cac c , , , 6,75 a. A a aa cc a ccc 10 a

a c aa a a c a a

aaa 11, ca c c, a cx ac. a x caxc

11. M.Dragoun
Version of the original for Sachove umeni, 5/2012

h#2

4

aac , aca cc c a a a a xa. , ca ac a a!

1.Kd3 Qc6 2.Re3 Nb4#; 1.Nxd5 Qxd5 2.Ke3 Qf3#; 1.Nf2 Nf5 2.gxf5 Qe3# ;1.cxd6 Qc8 2.Ke5 Qxe6#.

a caa axax acc: c, a a!

c aca a 80 aac c aa x x.

a 16 a a ca aa. a aaa a, a aac c ca x, a ac x aa a aa aca a. 13 a 15 x. cx a aa cc c, a a ac . , xa x ccc (9 a), ac ϸ (8), c (5)

, c c, a c !

aa aa aca aa 12 caa x ac aa.

12. H.Zander, F.Metzenauer
2
Schach-Echo, 1965 (c)

(a a)

#4

aaac a h7 c, c aa a . a a axa ac caaa!

c 1.Rh6!! a a.

1Ne~ 2.Qd3+ Ke5 3.Qe4+ Kf6 4.Nh5#!, a a caa!

1d5 2.Bxc5+ Kxc5 3.Nf5 ~ 4.Qb5# 3gxf5 4.Qb6#!, a ac aa.

1f5 2.Ne2+ Ke4 3.Bd5+ Rxd5 4.Qe3#

1f6 2.Bd5! (3.Ne2#) Ne~ 3.Qd3+ Ke5 4.Qe4#

c , aca cac a 50 c 3 aaa a a a, ca a.

c aa a (60,5 aa). c a (57,5). a a a a: ac ϸ (53), ca caa (52,5). c c ca (50,25)

aac, ca ca a, cac a, cac a a

a a ? axaa aaa cc Aa a.

a c a! a a , cac c c aa (10 a). c a cac (13,25 aa), a aca a 0,25 aa.

aa 12,5 a, c a a . c a a ac ϸ ca caa cac c a ( 9,25 a a) a 5 6 c cc. c a ca (14,25 a). 0,75 a ( aa aa) ca ca

A a ca a ac Xa X (15 15!), c aa a a a a 42 ! 15 c ca a c!

Xa X a

aa ca aa 13 ca ca c a ac!

13. .C
2
Buletin Problemistic, 2002-2003

(a a)

S#3

a x 1.Qd7!! c 2.Nxd2+! cd+ 3.Qd4+ Bxd4#.

1Bxd7 2.Rc6+ Bxc6 3.Nxd2+ cd#;

1Bxb7 2.Qd3+ Kc5 3.Qxc3+ Bxc3#;

1Bd5 2.Qb5+ Nxb5 3.Nxd2+ cd#;

1Nb5 2.Qd4+ Nxd4 3.Rxc6+ Nxc6#;

1Nd5 2.Rb4+ Nxb4 3.Qxc6+ Nxc6#;

1d1R 2.Bd3+ Rxd3 3.Ne3+ Rxe3#.

, aax aa x a . c aca 14 a 13 ca (aa caa a). cca a x a, a a a x x a a .

a a a c a c! ca C, aaa 190,5 a a a . a a , ca C caa a cca (3 a!!) a aa a c ac.

a aa a C a , a ca a cc. ( !) aa , a ac a a, c 54,75 aa a 17 c a.

a a a c cc (177,5 a). a ca a, caa aa , a a aa c , c cca 1,25 aa

a, c a ca ca a c c aa a C. - a c ca aa c a a, aa . , c cc, c ca aa a, c a c

a c c, accaa , a . C x a ac ϸ.

ac a aa cax cca Aa a ( 27 a) aa a a (9,75). cac ca a a c !

c a a a. Ca aa a aa xa aa C a

8- aa ca c, a x c ca cc .

a c c aaa aa aaa c aax a a . aa aa a acx a a. ac c, c a a a Solving Show xx.

a a c cac cax a, c aa. a x x a c ca c c caac aa cxa . , xc a aaac !

a ca a a aa aa ac.

aa a a x 8 x a.

aa ac ac cc a aa a a-cc!

ac 9 a 40 . aa ca ca c , a aa (!) x, xc c, a , a a cxa.

a a aa xa acc 1 . ac a ac, ca aa a, aa c c.

a ac aac a a, cac ca, a ( c c ). a: a ac, a 1- c , cac c ac, a 8- c ..

a 1- a cac c 2- a ..

a a, ac ca a cax aax, a aa cac a a, ac a 3 aa x. a aa x c ac 1 . a a acc c.

c c x a ac aa x, ca c a a a. ca ac ac 30 c, c x aa x. a, aa a a , aa ac c c ca. c ca ca a a a! c a a aac ac...

A aa aa a a. a 40 aac aax x a aa x x, ac c a. A a ca c c c aa ca. a xc a a.

? !

aa a a: , ac!

a a ( ca, ac)!
a ac aa A

1a. . X 4

2a. . X 5

3a. . X 3

4a. . X 3

5a. . X 2

6a. . X 4

7a. . X 3

8a. . X 5

9a. . X 4

a, a a x? ac, a! A ca c c aa a.

a ca 52 a. a 30- aa ca ac ϸ. a aca 9 a! ca ca caa. ac! a a ccc ac axax aa c a 35- ca c c. c a!! aac c a aa aa?

ac c c aa ca ca xa. ac? , ca a 2 a, , a c ac xa, cc a ca. A c a a a aa ca a c, a cc a c a x aax

cx . c xc a a cc .

c a a

a ac ac ϸ, ca caa aa c. aa 8 a, a cca: a , a a A.

7 a x ac, a ac a: Aca Ac aac ac .

a . c a cac cax a a!

8 ac, aa 6 a, aac a aa. a 8 ac 5 a, a 8 ac 4 aa. 5 ac aaa a x 8 ca a a. c 6 a a x. x a aa ac a a!

A c :

1a. 1.Nd4+ Kc5! 2.Ne2 Bf3+ 3.Kh4! Bxe2 4.Bg5! g1Q 5.Be3+! Qxe3, a.

2a. 1.Ng7+! Kg5 2.Nge6+ Kh6! (2...Kh5 3.Nf4+ Kg5 4.Nh7+!) 3.g7 (3.Kxh4? a) 3...Nf5+ 4.Kg4 Nxg7 5.Nd4! Ne6 6.Nf5#.

3a. 1.Qb2!! (1.Qa7? Ba5+ 2.Kf2 Qg1+; 1.Ra5? Qd1! ; 1.Rd1? Qa6+ , 1.Qb3? Bd2+! 2.Kf2 Qg1+ 3.Kxf3 Qg2#) 1.Qb2!! Qxb2 2.Rh5+ Qh2 3.Rh4! f2! 4.Rh5! Qxh5, a.

4a. 1.Bg6!! Re3 2.Bd2! Rxe5 3.Kd6! Rc5 4.Bd3+ Kb6 5.Be3 .

5a. 1.Bg6!! (1.Bd5?! e1Q 2.Rh1 Bxh1!) 1.Bg6!! e1Q 2.Rh1! Qxh1 3.Bxe4+ Qxe4, a.

6a. 1.Be5+! Kb1 2.Rb8+ Kc1 3.Bxf4+! Nxf4 4.Kh4! Ng6+ 5.Kh3 g1Q 6.Rb1+! Kxb1, a.

7a. 1.Ke8! (1.Bd5+? Rxd5+ 2.Ke8 Rc5!) 1.Ke8! c1Q 2.Bd5+! Rxd5 3.Qe6!! Qc5 4.Qxd5+ Qxd5 a.

8a. 1.Re8+! Kd2! 2.Nc3! c1Q+ 3.Nb1+ Kd1 4.Rd8+! Ke1 5.Rf8! .

9a. 1.Rg4!! (1.Rg2?! Rh7+ 2.Kg8 Rg7+! 3.Kf8! Rxg2 4.Bh5! Kh7!) 1.Rg4!! Rh7+ (1...Rxe7 2.Rg6+ Kh5 3.Re6+) 2.Kg8 Rg7+! 3.Kf8! Rxg4 4.Bg6!, .

ca ca ax c x :

1a. 4.Bg5!; 2a. 5.Nd4!; 3a. 3.Rh4!; 4a. 3.Kd6!; 5a. 2. Rh1!; 6a. 4.Kh4!; 7a. 3.Qe6!!; 8a. 5.Rf8!; 9a. 4.Bg6!

c aac a a. a a c ϸ ac.

c ( ) c aa a a aac ac (ca) ac ϸ

c , a ca aa ac x ac a a c 10a.

10a. . X 5

x , a ϸ aa a x 5.e8R! c a c a ac. : 1.e6 Bf6! 2.Bxf6 Nf4 3.Bd8+! Ka6! 4.e7 Nd5 5.e8R! .

ϸ , ca ac.

a 20- c ϸ a x!

cx ca x ca caa Aca Ac. caa a ax x cca a ϸ.

Aca Ac acaac

A ccc-a aa c a A x cc ca

aa c a c

a ac a x a 11a, c c a a a.

11a. . X 3

aaa a c ca a c. , c x 30 c aa a A. A 1.Re1! Qd2 2.Re5+ Kd4 3.Be1!, aa c 4.Bc3#.

a , c c a c . c, , aac, A. a c a a, a a c !

Ca a cc c x a aa a ca a. c a a a x x ax, ac a ac (12a).

12a. . X 3

acca a c ( aac aa!), c cx a c a aa x. ax acx , a , a x a x, c c 3.Nc6?? a 3.Nd7!!

Caca 1.b8N+! (1.Rxc1? Rxc1+ 2.Kb8 Kb6 3.Ka8 Ra1+ 4.Kb8 Ra7, aac x) 1.b8N+! Ka7 2.Rc7+! Ka8 3.Nd7!! Qe3 4.Nb6+! Qxb6 5.Ra7+! c a.

a c aa a c. ,

a c x ac.

a cc a ϸ . a x x ax c c a, , aac , a. a ax a ϸa ca c c. a ac caac ϸ a x ca (13a) a .

13a. . X 3

1.Bb1+ Kf6 2.Be4 Ke5! 3.Bh1!! Kd6 4.c7, .

C a c aaac! c c a A cac c c ca caa. a ax cax a c! C c 3:0 a ...

, acaa a a a x a 14a.

14a. . X 1

3 c c a a a, a A aa x 1.Nf7. a cc, c: 1.Nf7? Nxf7 2.e6 Nh6 3.e7 Ng8 4.e8N c ac. a a 1.h6!! c 1...gxh6 ca a : 2.Nf7 Nxf7 3.e6 Ng5 4.e7 Nh7 5.Ke5, ca.

acc A a a a c (0:2) c a c...

a a c

c ac, ca a, ca c a a 3:1 aca ϸa. Cxaa a a! caa. a a xaa ϸ, aa x a a c caa c a a . aa, a ϸ. a aac a. a a ϸ c 15a cac axa c !

15a. . X 3

ca 1.gxh7? Rh2+! 2.Kg1 Ra2!! 3.Rc8+ Kxc8 4.h8Q+ Kb7!, a aa .

a 1.Kg2!! Rh5 2.gxh7 Kd6 3.Ra8! Rxh7 4.Ra6+, a x a a. .

a cx ax. aa c, ac !

c ac c a x ax ccax axa a a a a a .

, ca x ac! a cc, c a , aca a ac a a c cca c cc. aa, a cc a a a a !

A a a. a c , aaac cx ax, ac cac . a aa, aaa aa c a. a ca a ca a. ca aa a ! a aaa a aa a a a aa a a a c

a a

A a aa a a cx c ac ac a 8- aa axax !

a a aa

a 8- aa

a ! Ca aa: (3 c), (1 c) a (2 c)

. Ca aa: ca caa (2 c), ac ϸ (1 c) c (3 c)

c. Ca aa: aac Cac (3 c), Xa X (1 c) Aca Ac (2 c)

open tourney. Ca aa: Aca aa (3 c), a (1 c) (2 c)

. Ca aa: ca caa (2 c), ac ϸ (1 c), a (3 c) a A (4 c)

c ca! Ca aa: Aa a a a

c a x aax axa ca!

P.S.

C a cx aa, aa cx , c a ac a ca a aa Perspectiva.Info a cca 8- aa axax .